A sewing machine is a machine used for stitching various types of materials such as fabric with thread. The first sewing machine was created right in the middle of the first Industrial Revolution with the main purpose of decreasing the amount of manual sewing work performed in all clothing companies. Ever since that moment, the sewing machines have greatly improved in terms of design and utility thus highly contributing to the overall performance and productivity of the clothing industry at a global level.
Types of Sewing Machines
There are two main types of sewing machines: the ones used for home purposes and the industrial ones. Home sewing machines have been designed to be used individually and for the purpose of sewing individual items by means of a single stitch type. On the other hand, industrial sewing machines are much larger in size and faster because they are meant to offer a great improvement in productivity. These are also much more varied in terms of appearance, cost, size and tasks.
Interesting Design Features
Sewing machines are very interesting to analyze in terms of design because they can make a great variety of both plain and patterned type of stitches. As far as plain stitches are concerned, we can say that there are four main types: lockstitch, overlock, chainstitch and coverstitch. Many different brands of sewing machines can do these types of stitches such as the Janome HD100 (http://sewingmachinecritic.com/janome-hd1000-review/).
Chainstitch is the one used in the early beginning but discovered to feature two main drawbacks. First of all, the stitch is not self-locking in this case and it can lead to the whole length of stitching coming out when any mistakes occur during the manufacturing process. The other main drawback is that the direction of the sewing cannot go through any major change from one stitch to another because it would lead to failure in the case of the stitching process.
The lockstitch was considered a much better choice in terms of stitches for sewing machines. It represents the familiar stitch performed by most sewing machines used at home as well as the simplest model of industrial sewing machines namely the single needle type. The great advantage in the case of the lockstitch is that it can be formed anywhere on the material that is being sewn as it does not require to be located near the edge as in the case of other stitches.
The overlock has also become familiar under the name of serger stitch or serging. It needs one to four threads for its formation as well as one or two needless and loopers. There are both household and industrial sewing machines that are based on the overclock and which are commonly used for garment seams in knot or various types of stretchy fabrics.
The coverstitch features one or two loopers and a minimum of two needles. It is considered advantageous for the freedom of being formed anywhere on the material used for sewing. It is especially popular in the field of garment construction because it is widely used for attaching flat seaming or trims.
Before the invention of sewing machines, there was a lot of time spent by women worldwide on maintaining their family clothing. As soon as these machines were invented, they became women’s allies in their attempt to keep everything in order within their household.